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UN Specialized Agencies

The Specialized Agencies are autonomous intergovernmental organizations. They are brought into relationship with the United Nations through special agreements concluded by the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) in accordance with the Charter (art. 57 & 63). They carry out various functions on behalf of the UN and have their own headquarters.

Activities

Some of the specialized agencies have been in existence long before the United Nations, whereas others have been established much later:

The specialized agencies are funded by contributions from member states.

Chief Executives Board

The coordination of the specialized agencies towards the UN and among each other is performed by The United Nations System Chief Executives Board for Coordination (CEB). The CEB is composed of

  • the UN Secretary-General as the chairman
  • the executive heads of the specialized agencies.

The CEB was earlier known as the Administrative Committee of Coordination (ACC).

Joint Inspection Unit

The Joint Inspection Unit (JIU) conducts inspections and investigations of
the efficiency of the UN, its programmes, funds and specialized agencies.

Publishing and depository libraries

The specialized agencies have their own documentation and publishing. They also have their own depository library system, linked to relevant libraries in their member states.

UN Specialized Agencies

FAO

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations the leading agency for agriculture, forestry, fisheries and rural development.

ICAO

International Civil Aviation Organization safeguards the orderly development of civil aviation.

IFAD

International Fund for Agricultural Development supports increased food production in poor communities by providing funding and resources to poor farmers and landless peoples in developing countries.

ILO

International Labour Organization is a labour organization with the goal of improving conditions for workers around the world.

IMF

International Monetary Fund promotes multilateral monetary co-operation and stability.

IMO

International Maritime Organization a forum for international cooperation on rules and practices for safety at sea.

ITU

International Telecommunication Union promotes and coordinates the establishment and operations of global telecommunication networks and services.

UNESCO

United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization contributes to peace by promoting collaboration among nations through culture, science, education and media.

UNIDO

United Nations Industrial Development Organization is a coordinating body for industrial activities and international industrial cooperation.

UNWTO

World Tourism Organization serves as a global forum for the development of responsible and sustainable tourism around the world.

UPU

Universal Postal Union secures and improve postal services throughout the world.

WHO

World Health Organization is the United Nations specialized agency for health.

WIPO

World Intellectual Property Organization promote respect for intellectual property worldwide.

WMO

World Meteorological Organization promotes efficient exchange of meteorological observations worldwide..

World Bank Group

World Bank Group (WBG) provides loans, technical assistance and policy advice to developing countries for the purpose of reducing poverty and promoting sustainable economic development.

Related Organizations

IAEA

International Atomic Energy Agency promotes and safeguards the peaceful use of nuclear energy.

ICC

International criminal court (ICC) is an international permanent court for the prosecution of serious crimes against humanity, including war crimes, crime of aggression and genocide.

UNFCCC (UN climate change)

UNFCCC (UN Climate Change) - United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change - is the UN entity tasked woth supporting the global response to the threat of climate change.

WTO

World Trade Organization oversees the rules of international trade and the settlement of international trade disputes between Governments, and to organize trade negotiations.

More on UN Specialized Agencies

  • Joint Inspection Unit, JIU, submits an annual report to the General Assembly in the documentary series General Assembly Official Records. Supplement No. 34.
  • Basic facts about the United Nations, 42nd Editions. This UN publication offers an overview of the specialized agencies. It is updated regularly.

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