Tribunal for Rwanda

International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) was established by the Security Council in 1994 through resolution 955 acting under Chapter VII of the UN Charter. The purpose of that was prosecuting persons responsible for genocide and other serious violations of international humanitarian law committed in the territory of Rwanda during 1994. Annexed to resolution 955 is the Statute governing the Tribunal for Rwanda. The Tribunal is located in Arusha, United Republic of Tanzania.

The ICTR closed on 31 December 2015. The International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Tribunals (IRMCT) maintains the website with all information, reports and documents as part of its mission to preserve and promote the legacy of the UN International Criminal Tribunals.

Composition of the Tribunal for Rwanda

The Tribunal for Rwanda was composed the same way as the Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia:

  • the Trial Chambers
  • the Appeals Chamber
  • the Office of the Prosecutor, in charge of investigations and prosecutions and the Registry, responsible for providing overall judicial and administrative support to the Chambers and the Prosecutor.

The Chambers consisted of 16 independent judges, who are citizens of different states. The judges were elected by the General Assembly from a list submitted by the Security Council, for a period of 4 years. In addition, there was a pool of 18 ad litem judges elected by the General Assembly.

The Appeals Chamber conducted investigations and presented prosecutions before the judges.

The Registry was responsible for administration and judicial support services.

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Last modified: 2023-01-02