Former Yugoslavia

The International Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) was established in 1993 according to Security Council resolution 827 for the prosecution of persons responsible for serious violations of international humanitarian law committed in the territory of the former Yugoslavia since 1991. The Tribunal was located in the Hague.

The ICTR closed on 31 December 2017. The International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Tribunals (IRMCT) maintains the website with all information, reports and documents as part of its mission to preserve and promote the legacy of the UN International Criminal Tribunals.

The ICTY was the first war crimes court created by the UN and the first international war crimes tribunal since the Nuremberg and Tokyo tribunals. It was established by the Security Council in accordance with Chapter VII of the UN Charter.

Composition of the Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia

The Tribunal was composed of

  • three Trial Chambers
  • one Appeals Chamber (to be shared with the International Tribunal for Rwanda the Office of the Prosecutions)
  • the Registry.

The Chambers consisted of 16 independent judges, who were citizens of different states. The judges were elected by the General Assembly from a list submitted by the Security Council, for a period of 4 years. In addition, there was a pool of 27 ad litem judges elected by the General Assembly.

The Appeals Chamber conducted investigations and presented prosecutions before the judges.

The Registry was responsible for administration and judicial support services.

Statute of the ICTY

The Statute of the ICTY defines the jurisdiction, organization and the functioning of the Tribunal. All UN member states are obliged to "cooperate fully" with the tribunal and "take any measures necessary under their domestic law" to comply with its demands.

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Last modified: 2023-01-02